Although it’s change process got compromised in the sense that it was not as well orchestrated for the well being of it’s polity, as it could have been, Russia Changed.
Perestroika, the terminology that was coined for Russia’s change process transformed Russia from a Communist State to, rather regrettably an Oligarch State. The evidence may not be popular, yet is true, namely the Congress of the USA — here is the link to the document in question, Cox (2000) — faults the Clinton Administration for guiding Russia, not towards a Polity-centered State, but rather towards an Oligarch State. Not that the Russian Oligarchs do not have any blame, in the sense of not caring that ordinary Russians have the opportunity to be part of the change of which Perestroika was representative, but rather that the participating Americans ought to have known and done better.
Whereas the outcome of Perestroika leaves, perhaps much to be desired, regardless it remains true that Russia changed for the welfare of it’s people, that is, valued the welfare of it’s people over the hubris of competition with the USA.
Although it has maintained Communism in the socio-political space, China changed, allowed a market structure into it’s economic space. If the Communist Party valued control more than the welfare of it’s people, said change does not occur. Necessarily then, the transformation of China’s economic space into a market space that is regulated by the communist principle of ‘equality of opportunity’, a principle which also is a principle of capitalism — see for example, Sen (1985, 1997) — reveals a communist party that valued Progress more than the Control of it’s people.
Now, you may wonder how exactly a restriction on the number of children people may have is consistent with relinquishing control? The truth of the matter? There exists population growth that hinders the progression of the welfare of a people. Whereas you and I may disagree with China’s historical strategy for the management of it’s population growth, the truth remains, had the population growth not been managed, the monumental progression to welfare that has transpired in China…